What does "Consult" Mean?


The #YCJA states in section 146:

  • (iii) the young person has the right to consult counsel and a parent or other person in accordance with paragraph (c), and

  • (iv) any statement made by the young person is required to be made in the presence of counsel and any other person consulted in accordance with paragraph (c), if any, unless the young person desires otherwise;

(c) the young person has, before the statement was made, been given a reasonable opportunity to consult

  • (i) with counsel, and

  • (ii) with a parent or, in the absence of a parent, an adult relative or, in the absence of a parent and an adult relative, any other appropriate adult chosen by the young person, as long as that person is not a co-accused, or under investigation, in respect of the same offence

Look up some dictionary definitions of "consult" and "consultation".


locked door


When you consult someone you seek information or advice from them. Usually that's behind a closed door in person. Sometimes it's on a secure telephone line. It always means that there is freedom to communicate.


If you are seeking information or advice from someone you need to know who they are, you need to be able to say something to them, you need to have some privacy, and you need some time. A young person who is making use of his or her rights under the Youth Criminal Justice Act needs each of these elements to be facilitated. Please remember that it is not the parent's right - the right belongs to the young person.


The parent should always be able, though, to explain to the young person what is meant by "consult".


Please remember that only statements made by the young person to counsel, a lawyer, are privileged - confidential and protected from subpoena.


Don't be afraid when advised of these rights by police to ask if the "consult" they offer can be without fear of being overheard, in privacy, and with sufficient time.


The "consult" time is not for the purpose of the parent interrogating the child. The "consult" time is not for the purpose of the parent disciplining the child. The "consult" time is not for the purpose of the parent unloading guilt on the young person. It is for basic advice as to how to remain silent and access a lawyer.


Return to List of Tips for What a YCJA Parent and Child Should Do


Consult a Lawyer - Stephen Biss - 905-273-3322


List of Young Offenders Debates



Copyright 2018 Stephen Biss



Stephen R. Biss, Barrister & Solicitor

470 Hensall Circle, Suite 303
Mississauga, Ontario
L5A 3V4

905-273-3322  or 1-877-273-3322


Advertisement. Any legal opinions expressed at this site relate to the Province of Ontario, Canada only. If you reside or carry on business in any other jurisdiction please consult a lawyer, solicitor, or attorney in your own jurisdiction. WARNING: All information contained herein is provided for the purpose of providing basic information only and should not be construed as formal legal advice. The author disclaims any and all liability resulting from reliance upon such information. You are strongly encouraged to seek and retain professional legal advice before relying upon any of the information contained herein.